菌物学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 695-706.doi: 10.13346/j.mycosystema.190409

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

内蒙古罕山国家级自然保护区大型真菌多样性

王雪珊1,图力古尔1,*(),宝金山2,宝虎2,丰洁2   

  1. 1. 吉林农业大学食用菌教育部工程研究中心 吉林 长春 130118
    2. 通辽市林业科学研究院 内蒙古特金罕山森林生态系统国家定位观测研究站 内蒙古 通辽 028000
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-11 接受日期:2019-12-16 出版日期:2020-04-22 发布日期:2020-04-22
  • 通讯作者: 图力古尔 E-mail:junwusuo@126.com
  • 作者简介:图力古尔,蒙古国自然科学院外籍院士,吉林农业大学教授,博士生导师。兼任中国菌物学会副理事长,吉林省政协委员,农业与农村经济委员会主任,泰山学者,《菌物学报》《菌物研究》编委。现任菌类作物学科带头人,教育部创新团队带头人。先后主持国家自然科学基金面上项目5项、科技部基础研究专项2项以及教育部“长江学者与创新团队计划”项目1项。从事大型真菌分类、资源和保育学等方面的研究。发表论文100余篇,其中SCI论文27篇,主编《中国真菌志》(球盖菇科卷、侧耳香菇型真菌卷)、《山东蕈菌多样性保育与利用》等学术专著6部。
  • 基金资助:
    科技部科技基础性工作专项(2014FY210400);教育部“长江学者和创新团队发展计划”(IRT15R25)

Macrofungal diversity in Hanwula National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia

Xue-Shan WANG1,Tolgor BAU1,*(),Jin-Shan BAO2,Hu BAO2,Jie FENG2   

  1. 1. Engineering Research Center of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin 130118, China
    2. Tongliao Academy of Forestry Sciences, National Forest Ecosystem Positioning Research Station in Tejinhan Wula, Tongliao, Inner Mongolia 028000, China
  • Received:2019-11-11 Accepted:2019-12-16 Online:2020-04-22 Published:2020-04-22
  • Contact: Tolgor BAU E-mail:junwusuo@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the Technology Department’s Fundamental Research(2014FY210400);Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University of Ministry of Education of China(IRT15R25)

摘要:

本文对内蒙古罕山国家级自然保护区800余份大型真菌标本进行了研究,结合形态特征和ITS序列鉴定出308种,隶属于2门4纲14目45科108属。在科属组成上,优势科为红菇科Russulaceae、蘑菇科Agaricaceae、丝盖伞科Inocybaceae等共8科,含195种,分别占总科数、总种数的17.78%和63.31%;优势属为红菇属Russula、丝盖伞属Inocybe、蘑菇属Agaricus等共15属,分别占总属数、总种数的13.89%和54.87%。在地理分布上,以世界广布种和北温带分布种为主,分别含有128种和107种,占总种数的41.56%和34.74%,表现出明显的北温带区系特征,但不同植被类型中大型真菌多样性差异显著。

关键词: 大型真菌, 物种多样性, 区系组成

Abstract:

Macrofungi in Hanwula National Nature Reserve in Inner Mongolia were investigated. More than 800 specimens collected represent 308 species belonging to 108 genera, 45 families, 14 orders, 4 classes, and 2 phyla based on morphological identification and ITS evidence. Among them, 195 species in 8 families were dominant. Russulaceae, Agaricaceae and Inocybaceae account for 17.78% of the total families, containing 63.31% of the total species. Of the 15 dominant genera (containing 169 species) Russula, Inocybe and Agaricus (accounting for 13.89% of the total genera) make up 54.87% of the total species. Foristic analysis indicated that 128 species were cosmopolitan and 107 north-temperate, occupying 41.56% and 34.74% of the total species respectively. The results suggest that Hanwula National Nature Reserve region shows fundamentally north-temperate mycogeographically, but the macrofungal diversity varies with different vegetation types.

Key words: macrofungi, species diversity, mycota